Including a Foreword by Former U.S. Ambassador for Global Women's Issues, Melanne Verveer. How can transitional justice institutions provide due diligence to the lived experiences of women during war and violent political upheaval? How can transitional justice help transform unequal gender relations? These are just some of the difficult but urgent questions addressed in this unique study. Providing a compelling case for greater gender sensitivity in transitional justice institutions, Alam considers the under-researched nature of gender issues in transitional justice, offering theoretical and conceptual analysis alongside revealing lived experiences with case studies from Kenya and Bangladesh. The discussion in this study offers descriptive, normative and prescriptive value to the efforts of improving transitional justice institutions and elevating the status of women in post-conflict societies. This is a timely new resource in the field of women, peace and security, especially in light of the forthcoming fifteenth anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, and will appeal to a wide range of scholars in International Relations, Security, Peace and Conflict Studies, Criminal Justice and Gender Studies.