The accounting systems of all levels of government in Europe have undergone substantial changes during the last 20 years, which have not always been communicated outside country boundaries in a timely manner. This book addresses that shortcoming. With contributions by 25 leading researchers, it discusses in detail the governmental accounting status quo in 14 European countries. The book presents in a concise, thorough and comprehensive way the public sector accounting, budgeting and auditing systems at all levels of government, followed by a comparative analysis of the governmental accounting systems discussed. It also sheds light on the challenges that are likely to be faced by European countries as they move towards adopting the European Public Sector Accounting Standards (EPSAS), and offers a valuable reference resource for academics, researchers, students, auditors, public administrators and policy makers.